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designer must have the qualifications specified in the building preckalohotchning.gq One floor plan is required for ever~ floor of the house Y'lhic.h is affected b~ the neY'l. The various plan sheets listed below make up the working draw- ings that are usually before building plans to give builders, homeowners. Building Planning And Drawing By Dr N Kumaraswamy and Management - Wed, 27 Mar GMT (PDF) Analysis of Factors Contributing Civil.
Indicate contractual committeemen Indicate degree of supervision. Demonstrate construction details. Assist in the measurement of progress. Forms parts of documentation in site meetings.
Establish type and amount of labor requirement. Basic for ordering materials and components. Generally presentation drawings presented to client, while working drawings to present to contractors. Title page and index 2.
Floor plan 3. Elevations 4.
Sections 5. Roof plan 6. Site plan 7.
22405 - Building Planning and Drawing syllabus.pdf
Typical details 8. Reflected ceiling plan 9. Schedules Electrical requirement Plumbing sanitarian plan Structural etc. It is the plan to which all trades people refer. It is a top view horizontal section cut through the house about 1.
The purpose of the floor plan is to show the location and dimensions of exterior and interior walls, windows, doors, major appliances, cabinets, fireplaces, and other fixed features in the house. Upon completion of the preliminary sketches and proposal, a — scale floor plan is drawn which is considerably more detailed than previous floor plans.
Windows and doors are coded. All exterior walls, interior walls, windows, and doors are dimensioned. To conserve time and paper, the electrical plan is sometimes included on the floor plan.
You will have one drawing for the floor plan, and one for the electrical. When applicable, related structures such as freestanding garages or swimming pools are shown on the floor plan C. Walls should be drawn accurately. Exterior walls can be either 15cm or 20cm thick, and interior walls should be 15cm thick. Fireplaces or stairs require only basic size and location information on the floor plan. Special details will be included in the plans for these features.
Floor plans should include several dimensions. All students will draw a basement foundation. The weight of a house is supported by footings extended into the ground. These footings are concrete with steel reinforcing to reduce cracking. The footings must extend below the frost line. All this information should be given in the foundation plan A.
The foundation plan is a plan view in sections, which shows the location and size of footings, piers, columns, foundation walls, and supporting beams. It is usually drawn after the floor plan and elevations have been roughed out.
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A foundation plan contains: Footings hidden lines Foundation walls Piers and columns Dwarf walls low walls to retain excavation or an embankment Partition walls, doors, and bath fixtures if the house has a basement Openings in the foundation walls doors, windows, and vents Beams and pilasters Direction, size, spacing of floor joists, drains, and sump if required Details of the foundation and footing construction.
Complete dimensions and notes scale of the drawing. Foundation information should be presented using the proper symbology.
The purpose of an elevation is to show the finished appearance of the structure and vertical height dimensions. Four Elevations are usually drawn, one for each of the sides of the house. Required Information Identification of the specific side of the house elevation Grade line Finish floor and ceiling levels shown with phantom lines Windows and doors Foundation shown with hidden lines Vertical dimensions of important features Porches, desks, patios, and material symbols B.
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Elevation Identification Each elevation must be identified. The first method is the preferred. Right and left sides are determined by facing the front of the building. Identify each elevation directly below the drawing to avoid confusion. Grade Lines, Floor and Ceilings 1. The reference point for most elevations is the grade line.
All features that are below the grade line should be shown as hidden lines. Examples are foundation, footings and window wells.
Floor to ceiling height should be shown. Two method are used: a. Finished floor to finished ceiling distances.
You'll see parallel lines that scale at whatever width the walls are required to be. Dimensions are usually drawn between the walls to specify room sizes and wall lengths.
Floor plans will also indicate rooms, all the doors and windows and any built-in elements, such as plumbing fixtures and cabinets , water heaters and furnaces, etc.
Floor plans will include notes to specify finishes, construction methods, or symbols for electrical items. Elevations are a non-perspective view of the home.
These are drawn to scale so that measurements can be taken for any aspect necessary. Plans include front, rear and both side elevations. The elevations specify ridge heights, the positioning of the final fall of the land, exterior finishes, roof pitches and other details that are necessary to give the home its exterior architectural styling.
A section cuts through the dwelling and the location of this 'cut through' is noted on the floor plan. It describes how the building will be constructed and discusses how the internal finishes are to look.
Sections are used because they explain certain conditions in more detail. These conditions may include ceiling height, ceiling type flat or vault , and window and door dimensions. Foundation plan, including dimensions and locations for footings. Framing plan, for wall, including the size of the lumber to be used - usually 2x4 or 2x6.Exterior walls can be either 15cm or 20cm thick, and interior walls should be 15cm thick. Table of Contents: 2.
It cover all aspects of building design and drawing survey drawings,record drawings,working drawings. Purpose: - explains the overall configuration of the roof and the elements that penetrate or rest on the roofing membrane. Floor plan 3. Electrical requirement Buildings where group of people gather for amusement, social, religions, recreation, patriotic, civil, travel or similar purposes 3.
Jury members in the evaluation of design competition award.
Provisions of National Building Code 2. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads.
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